This battle was part of the larger Battle of the Somme. This commenced on 1st July 1916 and involved both the British and French armies. Inspite of a disasterous first day when 60,000 men were lost for almost no gain, the battle continued until November 1916. As each division was exhausted (too many men lost through death, wounding, sickness and tiredness) it was withdrawn and another division fed in.
The Australian 1st Division attacked the crucial position of Pozieres on 23rd July 1916. After three days and 5000 men lost, they were replaced by the 2nd Division. This Division was replaced by the 4th Division on 7th August after losing 6848 men.The Divisions were rotated in and out of battle in this way until 5th September 1916. There were more Australians killed and wounded here than on any other battlefield of World War One.