Newfoundland Memorial Park
The Newfoundland Regiment was made up of volunteers from what was then the British colony of Newfoundland (now part of Canada). They were in the reserve trenches when the British attacked on the 1st July 1916. About an hour after the first wave, the Newfoundlanders were ordered to attack. The communication trenches were clogged so the men climbed into the open and attempted to walk to the front line trenches. The few that made it kept going into no-mans-land. There was a 91% casualty rate and it is unlikely that any even fired a shot.
After the war the Newfoundland government bought the 40 acres to keep as a memorial. It was planted with trees native to Newfoundland. Every visitor to the Park is greeted by an extremely pleasant Canadian student guide, no matter what the weather, and shown around this beautifully maintained parkland. My thanks to Jeff Cooper and other guides who assisted me in making this virtual immersive panoramic tour on Thursday 14 May 2009.
When you click on each of the following links a new window will open containing the immersive image. As you follow the links, you will be taken through the battlefield.
1. The starting trenches for the Newfoundland Regiment. They climbed out of these to go to the front line as the communication trenches were clogged. Very few reached the front line as they were exposed and mown down.
2. The path to the Caribou memorial and trenches.
3. The view from above the front line trenches.
4. The view of the battlefield from the top of the Caribou Memorial.
5. The Memorial Plaque to the missing in front of the Caribou.
6. The front line trenches for the 51st Division.
7. The Danger Tree in the middle of no-mans-land which was the furtherest point reached by the Newfoundlanders.
8. The cratered ground of no-mans-land
9. Subsided ground in the German sector indicating collapsed dugouts.
10. Y Ravine which sheltered German troops.
11. German frontline trenches. Look for the British trenches and see how far the soldiers had to go under fire.
12. The 51st Division Memorial